Gurudwara Nanak Darbar, Duncan, SC

Sikhism

A way of life and philosophy well ahead of its time when it was founded over 550 years ago, The Sikh religion today has a following of over 30 million people worldwide. Sikhism preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of God at all times, truthful living, equality of mankind, social justice and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. Sikhism is open to all through the teachings of its 10 Gurus enshrined in the Sikh Holy Book and Living Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib.


What is a Sikh?

The word 'Sikh' in the Punjabi language means 'disciple', Sikhs are the disciples of God who follow the writings and teachings of the Ten Sikh Gurus. The wisdom of these teachings in Sri Guru Granth Sahib are practical and universal in their appeal to all mankind.

"I observe neither Hindu fasting nor the ritual of the Muslim Ramadan month; Him I serve who at the last shall save. The Lord of universe of the Hindus, Gosain and Allah to me are one; From Hindus and Muslims have I broken free. I perform neither Kaaba pilgrimage nor at bathing spots worship; One sole Lord I serve, and no other. I perform neither the Hindu worship nor the Muslim prayer; To the Sole Formless Lord in my heart I bow. We neither are Hindus nor Muslims; Our body and life belong to the One Supreme Being who alone is both Ram and Allah for us." (Guru Arjan Dev, Guru Granth Sahib, Raga Bhairon pg. 1136)


"Any human being who faithfully believes in: (i) One Immortal Being, (ii) Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh, (iii) The Guru Granth Sahib, (iv) The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus and, (v) the baptism bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and who does not owe allegiance to any other religion is a Sikh." (Rehat Maryada, Sikh Code of Conduct)



Beliefs

  • Sikhs believe in one God. He is the same for all people of all religions.
  • Sikhism teaches equality of all people. Sikhism preaches that people of different races, religions, or sex are all equal in the eyes of God. Sikhism teaches the full equality of men and women.
  • Sikhism emphasizes daily devotion to the remembrance of God. One should remember God at all times.
  • Sikhism teaches religious freedom. All people have the right to follow their own path to God without condemnation or coercion from others.
  • Sikhism emphasizes a moral and ethical life. A Sikh should represent moral responsibility and righteousness.
  • Sikhism rejects all forms of rituals such as idol worship, pilgrimages, fasting, and superstitions.
  • Sikhism teaches service to others. The primary task in life should be to help the poor, needy, and oppressed. The Sikhs have a long heritage of speaking out against injustice and for standing up for the defenseless.
  • Sikhs are supposed to be saints, scholars, and soldiers.
  • The word Sikh means disciple or student. Sikhs are the disciples of God who follow the writings and teachings of the ten Sikh Gurus.


Three Principles of Sikhism


Guru Nanak Dev, the first Sikh Guru, taught three fundamental principles:

  • Kirat Karo - Work hard and honestly
  • Wand Ke Chhako - Share what you have with the needy
  • Naam Jappo - Always remember God throughout the day

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